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George I

King for 13 years



George II 

King for 33 years 

1727 - 1760

George III

King for 59 years

1760 - 1820

George IV

Regent for 9 years King for 10 years

1811- 1830

The period we call 'Restoration' ended in 1689, when William of Orange invaded England from the Netherlands, and ruled with his wife, Mary II.

After them, came Mary's sister, Anne. Despite 17 pregnancies, Anne had no surviving heir, and the throne passed to her German second cousin, George I, from Hanover.

When George I died, the throne passed to his son, George II. George II hadn't got on very well with his father, and had a similarly bad relationship with his son, Frederick.

George II's son, Frederick, died in 1751 at the age of 44, leaving his own son, George, as heir to the throne.

George III, grandson of George II, was just 22 when he came to the throne. Unlike the previous two kings, he was born and educated in England, and much more popular as a result.   

1773: chests of tea were thrown off ships into Boston harbour in a protest that became known as the Boston Tea Party. The disagreement was about taxes imposed by Britain on the American colonies, but flared up into the American War of Independence. This war lasted from 1775 to 1783, and ended with America becoming independent from Britain.

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1783: first hot air balloon flight

1787: 12 men formed the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade

1788: a diagram of the Brookes Slave Ship was printed, showing people the inhumane way that enslaved Africans were transported to the West Indies.

1789: the French revolution began with the storming of the Bastille prison in Paris. The revolution continued for about ten years.

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1793: Louis XVI was executed by guillotine, France declared war on several countries including Great Britain (these Revolutionary Wars continued till 1802), and Marie Antoinette followed her husband in losing her head.

1805: Admiral Horatio Nelson defeated the French Emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte, at the Batlle of Trafalgar. The Napoleonic Wars lasted from 1805 to 1815.

In 1807, the Slave Trade was abolished: new slaves could not be taken or transported.

George III had suffered bouts of mental illness earlier in his life, but fell very ill in 1811. His son, the Prince of Wales, stepped in as Regent (the person who rules in place of the king or queen). This arrangement lasted for 9 years and the period is referred to as Regency. 

When George III finally died in 1820, his son became King George IV.














Slavery was abolished in 1833, though the abolition didn't come into force until 1834. Even then, only slaves under the age of 6 were freed. All other slaves became 'apprentices', obliged to work for several more years for their masters, frequently unpaid.


Slavery was finally outlawed on 1 August  1838.


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